When it’s about dealing with a global health issue like malnutrition, malaria or shortage of maternal health care, the success of a project can definitely vary. It depends on many factors whether the project will get the expected success or not; however, the experience certainly teaches lessons to the implementers.
Because of the intensity and scope of global health, no agency or country can work alone to control these issues. Several international institutions and agencies help design global health policies and finance, get a global health grant, and execute and assess programs. Government agencies, private foundations, multinational and international organizations, and other global health agencies work together to improve public health, give technical expertise and enforce new strategies to improve the continuously evolving practice of public health.
There are usually three groups in international health organizations: bilateral organizations, multilateral organizations and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Financing from multilateral organizations is gained from multiple governmental and non-governmental sources and is circulated among several different countries. Major multilateral organizations are usually part of the United Nations; however, other non-UN organizations also exist and are leading in dealing with global health issues.
Some examples of multilateral agencies are:
World Health Organization
WHO was founded just after WWII to bring countries together for a common purpose of fighting diseases and achieving better global health. They appoint experts with a great range of expertise, researchers, medical doctors, administrative staff, economists, statisticians and other experts to run a huge range of projects and programs across the world.
The World Bank as a major establishment for investments in health plays an important role in designing global health policy.
This is a government agency or non-profit organization based in only one country and offers finance to developing countries. Their job requirements are same as international organizations, but typically they offer more opportunities for entry-level positions and internships.
An example of bilateral organizations is:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This is a part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and is responsible for enforcing public health initiatives in the US.
A NGO or non-governmental organization is any non-profit, citizens’ group working voluntarily and organized at a local, national or international level. Such agencies are task-oriented and are generally built around specific issues like human rights, health or environment. People sharing common interest and offering a wide array of services and humanitarian activities direct NGOs. They are often called civil society organizations.
An example of NGO is:
This is a humanitarian agency with an objective of fighting global poverty. They emphasize on empowering women and thereby helping entire family whereby communities can get rid of poverty.
If you aim to work for global health, working with one of these agencies can be a good start. Study their working method and take interest, and you’ll be successful.