Amongst all birth control methods for men, vasectomy is considered to be the best and permanent. The word vasectomy is a combination of vas and ectomy. Vas means vas deferens and ectomy means to remove surgically. Ectomy is a Greek word, while in German, the procedure is called Vasektomie. Vasectomy is done by blocking the tubes that hold sperm (vas deferens).
Action of Vasectomy
Sperm are created in testicles and then are passed to other glands through vasa deferentia (plural of vas deferens) to mix with the seminal fluids together with which it forms semen. As both vasa deferentia are blocked in vasectomy, sperms cannot turn into seminal fluid and are absorbed in the body rather than being ejaculated. And thus pregnancy is not caused.
Is Vasectomy Effective?
Vasectomy is the most effective method of birth control for men. It is almost 100% effective. However it doesn’t work immediately. Some of the sperms remain in the part of the tube beyond the blockage, and therefore you should use some other method of birth control till those sperms get washed out. This normally takes about 3 months. There is a simple test to know whether your ejaculation contains sperm or not; it is called semen analysis.
Types of Vasectomy
There are various types of vasectomy, one of which doesn’t require an incision, while others require that. The incision procedure requires about 20 minutes while non-incision procedure takes less time.
Incision Procedures: Normally the pelvic area is given a local anesthesia. An incision is made on each side of the scrotum which can lead to each vas deferens. In some procedures, even a single central incision is made so as to reach the tubes. Then each vas deferens is blocked; some procedures involve removal of a small part of the tube. Tubes are blocked or tied off using surgical clips. They may even be closed with an instrument which gives out an electric current.
Non-incision Procedure: In no-scalpel or no-incision procedure, incision is not made in the scrotum. Only a small puncture is made to access both the tubes and then the tubes are blocked, tied off or cauterized. The puncture gets healed fast, needing no stitches; and there is not even a scar.
The non-incision procedure minimizes bleeding and reduces the chances of bruising, infection and other complications.
Is Vasectomy Safe?
Most of the time vasectomy is safe. There is only a little risk as it is with any surgical procedure.
Benefits of Vasectomy
- Vasectomy is safe, less time-consuming and permanent, enabling men and women to enjoy sex without the worry of pregnancy.
- Vasectomy doesn’t affect your masculinity or hormones or even ability to stay erect.
- No major organ is cut or removed in vasectomy.
- Your body continues producing sperm and hormones.
Disadvantages of Vasectomy
Vasectomy may not be right for you, if:
- You may want a child in the future
- You are being forced by family, partner or friends
- You are looking forward to solve a temporary problem like sexual problem, financial worries, physical or mental illness